Power saws have revolutionized the woodworking sector by offering DIYers the strength they require to complete huge tasks quickly. Ones that stand out in today’s market and are common in home workshops are table saws and miter saws. You might wish to own both of these saws if you’re ready to advance your carpentry abilities. But to be certain, first, compare the two and comprehend the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Both table saws and miter saws accomplish core jobs and common sorts of cuts, making them both indispensable to craftsmen on a daily basis. Although these tools look to be similar, they are separate and shouldn’t be used alternately. We’ve put up this article to help you understand the distinctions between the saws a little better. The two types of saws, their intended use, and their distinctions are described here. For more, keep scrolling!
What Is A Table Saw?
In a table saw, an electric motor drives a circular saw blade that is positioned beneath a flat table. The stationary cutter may be raised and lowered to adjust the depth of the cut; it plays through a throat plate or slit in the tabletop. To change the cut’s angle, the blade can also be twisted.
A rip fence, which is typically utilized by table saws, directs the material as it is being cut. In order to make the cut, the user pushes the wood up against the fence and into the rotating blade while he or she is seated in front of the machine. Table saws can handle substantial workpieces, such as plywood sheets, because of the huge work area.
Uses Of Table Saw
A table saw is versatile equipment that may be used to make a variety of cuts. Making rip cuts is where it really stands out. It can also be used for other operations like crosscuts, but these are less exact than its capacity to perform accurate rip cuts.
- Rabbets, Dados, and Furrows
A dado blade, which is a broad blade that can be utilized to create dados, grooves, and rabbets, may also be included in table saws. Dados are cuts made perpendicular to the workpiece’s grain. Cuts made along a workpiece’s dimension with the grain are known as grooves. Cuts made across a workpiece’s edge are called rabbets.
Crosscuts, or woodcuts made against the grain, can also be made with table saws. Using a miter gauge or a table saw jig, slide the object into the blade while it is at a 90-degree angle to make a crosscut. A jig that is also utilized to create crosscuts is a table saw sled. It comprises a fence that is affixed on a base. On the sled, the workpiece is positioned towards the fence, which acts as a guide and assists as it is moved over the blade.
- Rough Cut
Making a long, clean edge along the length of the wood is referred to as ripping it. To accomplish this, feed the wood into the blade while it is 90 degrees off the ground. The timber is kept in a straight line while being cut using a rip fence. For the purpose of making cabinets or furniture, ripping is frequently used to reduce a board’s width or cut plywood sheets to the desired size.
- Edge Cut
A beveled edge can also be ripped down the length of a workpiece by tilting the blade.
Benefits Of Table Saw
- It can also create grooves, rabbets, crosscuts, and dados.
- Table saws can handle huge chunks of wood thanks to their large cutting surfaces.
- They are readily able to cut long, straight, and accurately.
Drawbacks Of Table Saw
- Using the table saw, not all cuts can be made as accurately as a miter saw
- Table saws are heavy and big, making them challenging to transport.
What Are Miter Saws?
A miter saw is a power tool used to cut difficult angles and make precise crosscuts. It has a pivot arm with a circular saw blade attached to it that can tilt from top to bottom and rotate left or right. The workpiece is supported while being cut by being held up against a fence. In order to move a miter saw more conveniently, you may also install it on a fixed table or a mobile platform with wheels. Be careful to adhere to the safety guidelines outlined in the manual. Always keep your fingers away from the blade and safeguard your ears, eyes, and lungs.
Uses Of Miter Saw
In order to install trim work, such as baseboards and crown molding, miter saws are used for a number of carpentry and woodworking operations, including producing precise miter cuts, bevel cuts, and compound miter cuts.
- Miter compound cut
Combining a miter and a bevel cut, or tilting the blade from top to bottom and from side to side, is known as a compound miter cut. Crown molding is frequently trimmed with compound miter cuts.
- Edge Cut
Utilizing a bevel adjuster at the back of the saw, bevel cuts are formed by rotating the blade from top to bottom.
Crosscuts are made by putting the object against the fence, placing the blade at a 90-degree angle, then dropping the spinning blade to perform the cut.
- Miter Cut
By employing the miter adjustment in the saw’s table, one can make miter cuts by moving the blade from side to side. To cut a miter to build picture frames, for instance, you may alter the angle to 45 degrees.
Benefits Of Miter Saw
- It is transportable and convenient to bring to a job site.
- It precisely makes angles and cross cuts for trim work, photo frames, crown molding, etc.
- It is quite compact and light-weight.
Drawbacks Of Miter Saw
- It has limited ability to cut.
The Difference Between Table Saw & Miter Saw
After reviewing the fundamentals of each saw, let’s evaluate and compare them.
- Cutting Power
Table saws can cut practically any length, in contrast to miter saws, which can only make cross cuts that are 6 to 12 inches wide. Table saws are perfect for slicing sheet goods like plywood, MDF, hardboard, etc. together with their larger cutting capability. Cutting trim, molding, and boards to length is better suited for a miter saw’s reduced cutting capability.
When using a table saw, the operator pushes the workpiece into the stationary blade underneath the workpiece in order to produce the cut. As opposed to this, a miter saw’s user lowers the blade into the workpiece to perform the cut by mounting it on a swing arm above the workpiece.
- Reliability & Precision
Compared to miter saws, table saws are more adaptable and capable of a wider range of cuts. In contrast to a miter saw, a table saw needs extra equipment, like a miter gauge or sled, to make miter cuts and crosscuts. The disadvantage of using a table saw for these cuts is that it is less accurate than a miter saw.
Instead, table saws are renowned for their accuracy while performing rip cuts, which are employed to reduce a board’s width or split plywood sheets. Contrarily, miter, bevel, and complex miter cuts must be made precisely with a miter saw in order to cut materials like trim and molding to length.
Many table saws are huge, heavy, and bulky, making them challenging to transport. Miter saws are thinner and lighter, making them simpler to move. Table saws are typically used in woodworking shops, whereas miter saws can be transported quickly to a job site and used in a woodshop.
- Cost Comparison
Miter saws can cost up to $1,900 for a contractor-grade sliding miter saw and start at under $100 for a small, eight-inch model. Starting at roughly $200, table saws with attachable stands can cost as much as $2,800 for a high-end saw with a built-in cabinet. A good table saw and miter saw can be purchased for roughly $450 and $250, respectively, for serious DIYers.
- Risk Possession
Kickback, which happens when the blade snags on the wood and either pulls the user’s hand into the edge or throws the wood back in their face, is the cause of many table saw injuries. Injuries from miter saws are most frequently brought on by the operator accidentally crossing a hand or an arm in front of the moving blade while attempting to exchange the hand that is holding the wood with the hand that is lowering the blade.
Should I Purchase a Table Saw Or a Miter Saw?
Which one ought you to pick then? What you need to cut truly depends on your project. A miter saw is a better option if you’re building a deck, installing crown molding, or performing a lot of trim work.
If you need to make lengthy, precise rip cuts to narrow wide boards or if you’re working with sheet materials, like plywood, to build cabinets, a table saw is your best bet.
Both a miter saw and a table saw come in helpful for many applications. In this manner, you can visit the woodshop simply once to complete all the necessary cuts for your project.